Simon Foster – Jesus in the synagogue after his temptations

Luke 4 v 14 – 32

14. And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.

15. And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.

16. And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.

17. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,

18. The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

19. To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

20. And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.

21. And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

22. And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not thisJoseph’s son?

23. And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb,Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.

24. And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country.

25. But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;

26. But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow.

27. And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.

28. And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,

29. And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong.

30. But he passing through the midst of them went his way,

31. And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.

32. And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power.

Jesus is in “his area” – where he was brought up. The word is actually “nourished”

It was his custom to go into the synagogue to read.

He stands to read from the scroll and reads from Isaiah. He obviously knows a lot as he says “today this scripture is fulfilled”

Knowledge of where he was in Isaiah, no chapters or verses, but knows what to read.

All eyes are fastened on him. Earnestly, steadfastly.

Jesus says more than is recorded here as the people marvel at it.

Comparing Isaiah 61 v 2

1. The Spirit of the Lord GOD is UPON ME; BECAUSE THE LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

2. To proclaim the acceptable year OF THE LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

Luke 4

18. The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

19. To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

**Ask Simon Foster for the comparison table**

Jesus is applying this fulfilment in this particular time.

In other passages, we see confirmation of what we read in Luke 4…

In Luke 4 v 14

And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.

Acts 10 v 38

38. How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.

Matt 11

4. Jesus answered and said unto them, Go and shew John again those things which ye do hear and see:

5. The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them.

We understand from parables that Jesus was a last attempt to redeem Israel as a nation…

Luke 20

13. Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him when they see him.

14. But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.

15. So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them?

16. He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.

17. And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written,The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?

18. Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

19. And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.

Jesus’ name means, they shall save his people from their sins.

We know the nations will reject Jesus, but in Luke 4, he is pointing this out.

Jesus draws on 8 separate

Spirit of the lord is upon me

Is to be anointed

Preach to the poor

Heal the broken hearted

Preach deliverance to the captives

Recover the sight of the blind

Set the bruised at liberty

Proclaim acceptable year of the Lord.

Makes varies points including v25 regarding the lepers etc and Prophet being without honor in his own country.

Thinking about the humbling of Elijah, he was fed by a raven and a widow woman, and her son.

The scenario in Luke comparing this, we can see that Elijah was sent to the widow for HER relief, not his sustenance.

Mat 15

21. Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.

22. And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.

23. But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us.

24. But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

25. Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me.

26. But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children’s bread, and to cast it to dogs.

27. And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters’ table.

28. Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.

This tells us several things.

Sidon’s relationship with Israel, Jesus was sent to rescue Israel, not Sidon.

Jesus’ speech is rough to her, but then she proclaims her faith

Back in Luke 4

27. And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.

Not too many Syrians are in Israel… but lets look in 2 Kings 5

1. Now Naaman, captain of the host of the king of Syria, was a great man with his master, and honourable, BECAUSE BY HIM THE LORD had given deliverance unto Syria: he was also a mighty man in valour, but he was a leper.

Elisha sets the tone

8. And it was so, when Elisha the man of God had heard that the king of Israel had rent his clothes, that he sent to the king, saying,Wherefore hast thou rent thy clothes? let him come now to me, and he shall know that there is a prophet in Israel.

Picking up on the prophet having honour in his own country.

Naaman turns up with his convoy, but Elisha doesn’t come to meet him.

11. But Naaman was wroth, and went away, and said, Behold, I thought, He will surely come out to me, and stand, and call on the name OF THE LORD his God, and strike his hand over the place, and recover the leper.

Naaman’s servant talks sense and he does what he should.

15. And he returned to the man of God, he and all his company, and came, and stood before him: and he said, Behold, now I know that there is no God in all the earth, but in Israel: now therefore, I pray thee, take a blessing of thy servant.

Jesus is a prophet in Luke 4, in his own country, in the synagogue but they don’t realise it! He sites Elisha, showing how a rebellious Israel then sends the prophets to other areas.

Instead of changing, they get filled with wrath and take him up a hill to throw him down.

28. And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,

29. And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong.

30. But he passing through the midst of them went his way,

This was intended to provoke Israel to jealousy so that they repented.

We should be comforted that we have been called, but we must take heed lest he spare not thee.

MARK MORRIS ADDED

1 King 17

8. And the word OF THE LORD came unto him, saying,

9. Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee.

Yahweh is telling Elijah that the widow is to sustain him. This is interesting, the woman is unaware of this… She has almost nothing to give him.

12. And she said, As THE LORD thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse: and, behold, I am gathering two sticks, that I may go in and dress it for me and my son, that we may eat it, and die.

13. And Elijah said unto her, Fear not; go and do as thou hast said:but make me thereof a little cake first, and bring it unto me, and after make for thee and for thy son.

14. For thus saith THE LORD God of Israel, The barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, until the day that THE LORD sendeth rain upon the earth.

15. And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah:

She has prepared however, because she responds and DOES what Elijah commands.

Couple of things to reflect on.

v 12 – She emphasises that it’s Elijah’s God..

In v 14 – Elijah says, Yahweh God of Israel.

Both of these points are part of what Jesus is drawing out. This is in Sidon.

in v 13 Elijah says he will eat first. Then the KJV omits…. in 15. And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house, did eat many days. – the verb is “she” therefore it is and “she” ate. What this means, is that it is her, him and her house.

Jesus draws this out in Luke…

Elijah was sent to sustain the woman. The beautiful thing about this, is that it was done and both were sustained together. The woman does sustain him! They are interwoven and are sustained in this period of great famine.

The rest of the chapter is about what happens to her son…

The son was exceedingly sick, Elijah takes him..

19. And he said unto her, Give me thy son. And he took him out of her bosom, and carried him up into a loft, where he abode, and laid him upon his own bed.

20. And he cried UNTO THE LORD, and said, O LORD my God, hast thou also brought evil upon the widow with whom I sojourn, by slaying her son?

21. And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and criedUNTO THE LORD, and said, O LORD my God, I pray thee, let this child’s soul come into him again.

22. AND THE LORD heard the voice of Elijah; and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived.

23. And Elijah took the child, and brought him down out of the chamber into the house, and delivered him unto his mother: and Elijah said, See, thy son liveth.

24. And the woman said to Elijah, Now by this I know that thou art a man of God, and that the word OF THE LORD in thy mouth is truth.

These are marvellous events that God did for the faithful of old. The child was healed

Luke 4

24. And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country.

25. But I tell you of a truth (what the woman believed in Kings), many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;

26. But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow.

It doesn’t mention anything about the son here.

in v 22, the people had picked up this

22. And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not thisJoseph’s son (interesting!)?

23. And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb,Physicianheal thyself (something deep here with the connection to Kings): whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.

Elijah did this before him, raising the dead to life.

JOHN ADEY ADDED

Isaiah 16

v1 Contains this phrase The Spirit of the Lord GOD is UPON ME; BECAUSE THE LORD

Isaiah 11

1. And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:

2. And the spirit OF THE LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear OF THE LORD;

Advertisements