Mark Morris – The sea and it being disturbed
G2830 H5591 H5590 H2197 H8415 H1949 H4103
Account in Matt and Mark also – about the storm when they are in the ship.
22. Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples: and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. And they launched forth.
23. But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in jeopardy.
24. And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm.
25. And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him.
Nature of the sea, it’s characteristics are like men. God has created the sea.
In this passage Jesus commands both the wind and the water. The wind affects the water to make it rage, but here Jesus’ power is over both.
Idea of the sea being glassy.
1. And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.
2. And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.
3. And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.
4. Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.
Focussing here on it being so calm, that it is like glass.
This is a description of Jesus’ power and the effect of his power. Here it is about all the nations. In Luke it is localised on the sea.
Lets reflect on the idea of raging.
Similar circumstance to the one in Luke.
4. But the LORD sent out a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the ship was like to be broken.
Jonah was asleep like Jesus was in Luke. Jonah however is fleeing from what he should do.
In v11 they ask him what they should do that the sea might be calmed.
11. Then said they unto him, What shall we do unto thee, that the sea may be calm unto us? for the sea wrought, and was tempestuous.
Things are inverted here which fits the circumstance.
15. So they took up Jonah, and cast him forth into the sea: and the sea ceased from her raging.
The notion of “rage” and an emotion is interesting. There is a metaphor in what is being said here.
Primarily this word is used to describe people!
2 Chron 16
10. Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house; for he was in a rage with him because of this thing. And Asa oppressed some of the people the same time.
Asa is being rebuked here, perhaps this is one of the reasons for his rage.
30. And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and with the flame of a devouring fire, with scattering, and tempest, and hailstones.
31. For through the voice of the LORD shall the Assyrian be beaten down, which smote with a rod.
Here we see Yahweh’s rage
Rage can be a righteous thing – not just when being rebuked. It can also be a weather phenomena with the hailstones, a devouring fire etc.
The sea can have characteristics that exhibit these things. God uses it to express his rage.
In Jonah – God causes the sea to rage.
Now want to look at what is said in Gen 1
Something is mentioned here which connects with this figure.
2. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
Focus on things on the deep.
If we think of the Blue Planet series, we get to see some of the things that no one has ever seen before.
God made it for HIS pleasure, not ours.
The word deep starts of seeming to talk about the deep and the water’s depth, but when you get to the song of Moses…
5. The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone.
6. Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy.
7. And in the greatness of thine excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up against thee: thou sentest forth thy wrath, which consumed them as stubble.
8. And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.
However, when you get to Deu, you start to question if it means that at all.
3. And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna,which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee knowthat man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.
The land that he is bringing them to…
7. For the LORD thy God bringeth thee into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills;
Here, they are in the valleys and the hills, on the land! – not in the oceans and seas. It is coupled with fountains and brooks.
Perhaps this is a pool or something – not sure. Not something that is profoundly deep!
The depth isn’t really being emphasised here.
it perhaps doesn’t mean deep or depth at all.
When compared to other words in scriptures, you find it is from the family of words that mean “disturbed”
This is easy to see in Ruth
When they come to Bethlehem –
19. So they two went until they came to Beth–lehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Beth–lehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi?
The word deep is derived from this word to move.
Get a sense of movement when you look back to the raging passages this makes sense.
1 Sam 4
4. So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth between the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.
5. And when the ark of the covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, so that the earth rang again.
Here the illustration describes a result of something happening. In Ruth, she has the affect on the people of Bethlehem.
Here, Israel shout and the earth responds in some way. Translate as “and she was disturbed, the earth”
1 King 1
45. And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon: and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This is the noise that ye have heard.
12. I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold: they shall make great noise by reason of the multitude of men.
13. The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the LORD on the head of them.
There is another noun that relates to this.
Sometimes it is translated tumult.
Deu 7 (there are two words for destroy in this passage)
23. But the LORD thy God shall deliver them unto thee, and shall destroy them with a mighty destruction, until they be destroyed.
He is going to disturb them with a mighty disturbance which will result in their destruction.
Here it is before the sea is glassy in the Rev context. This is the end of the kingdoms of men.
12. And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth.
13. And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour.
This is to do with how they are interacting with each other, God’s judgement with them fighting each other.
This is a different effect to that where the ark comes back in 1 Sam
Note – The word depth is used in Jonah 2
3. For thou hadst cast me into the deep (shady place), in the midst of the seas; and the floods compassed me about: all thy billows and thy waves passed over me.
4. Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will look again toward thy holy temple.
5. The waters compassed me about, even to the soul: the depth closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head.
6. I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars was about me for ever: yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption, O LORD my God.
The depth closed him round about. This is about the disturbance on the surface of the water….
He THEN goes down, if it was the deep, that would be the end of the journey, he THEN goes down.
This is talking about the disturbance of the water, it is moving and swirling around rather than it’s depth.
Go back to Gen 1
The face of the deep is referring to the sea being disturbed. This is a picture of the earth with water, with it being disturbed on it’s surface.
When we contrast this with Rev 15.
This is the work that needs to be done before the water can become glassy.
The nations cause a tumult, he then has rage with them because they reject him. We look forward to the end where Jesus has the power to command the sea so that it is like glass!
Mat Foster added
Link from character of Job – think of Noah.
Ps 55 – Gen 8
David speaks of being like a Dove to escape the tempest and the windy storm. He is making a noise because of the voice of the enemy.
Linked to Gen 8 we see God “asswaging” the waters which is to do with pacifying.
This is similar to Job. There is a period of suffering, God remembers Noah and causes the fountains of the “deep” (movement) to cease.
Ps 42 – How the tumult works – it is speaking about a state of mind.
2. My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear beforeGod?
6. O my God, my soul is cast down within me: therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the Hermonites, from the hill Mizar.
7. Deep calleth unto deep (disturbance) at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me. (like Jonah)
These disturbances respond to each other.
Description of his soul being casted down within him.
Andrew Harrison added
Thinking about the work of Christ.
v 23 – Jesus enters the boat first.
23. And when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him.
24. And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep.
25. And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish.
26. And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a great calm.
27. But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him!
Link with little faith here.
There is some resurrectional themes here. There is rebuking also that brings about calm and peace.
Jude – quoting from Zec 3
Reflect on the salvation that Christ has brought about through his work.
Nations are brought to heal by Christ.