Mark Morris – Sunday – Confessing (on the back of Ben’s work) H3034 from root of H3027
Ezra 9 – 10 v 5
10 v 1 – prayed and confessed – this is in response to Chapter 9
Often linked to giving thanks – is this the right sense?
This word is often translated as “Hand”
Confessing – often reflexive (to himself)
Thanks/hand – often causal (he caused to do something)
Not always linked to sinful things. Often used of Yahweh! It isn’t inherently a good or bad thing.
Has a sense of acknowledging. Can be good or bad depending on what is being acknowledged.
Lev 5 v 1 – 6
Various situations that might arise, all connected with the word “or”.
Going to focus on confessing and how it links to the hand
v4 when he knoweth of the thing – the confessing happens after this. Then make an offering.
Lev 16 v 21
Two goats, one escapes.
Aaron lays his hand on the goat and confess over him – sent in to the wilderness.
Giving “them” (sins) on to the head of the goat.
The confessing is reflexive here. Reflexive doesn’t normally take on a “thing”. The things are the iniquities of the people.
Another example of this….
Gen 37 v18 – And when they saw him afar off, even before he came near unto them, they conspired against him to slay him.
“they beguiled themselves” – this was about slaying him.
Something was going on in their minds, not conspiring between them, i.e. talking to each other about it.
Example of reflexive that takes an object.
Back to Lev 16 – Aaron expressed his confessing with his hands. Why?
Clear because at the end of the verse, he gives those things upon the head of the goat. This is done with his hand.
Role of the hand continues with the fit man who takes the goat into the wilderness
Pattern of how Christ took away out sins. The hand is used as part of the acknowledgment of the sin.
Ezra 9 v 3 And when I heard this thing, I rent my garment and my mantle, and plucked off the hair of my head and of my beard, and sat down astonied.
These actions are an expression of shame.
v6 And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God:for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens.
v5 – notice the hands spread out towards heaven. Then there is a prayer and the in Chapter 10 this is recapped.
10 v 1 – weeping, casting etc – all these things are going on.
v 1 – a lot of reflexive language. To pray “judging yourself”. Ezra had judged himself. Then casts himself. “making himself fall before the house of God” These all accompany the praying.
Ezra handed himself, HIM. Here Ezra is the object (like the iniquities of the people in Lev 16)
Ezra 9 v 6 “I am” and “our iniquities”
Massive emphasis on self examination.
9 v 5 – And at the evening sacrifice I arose up from my heaviness; and having rent my garment and my mantle, I fell upon my knees, and spread out my hands unto theLORD my God,
Hand word is the “palm” word, the underside. Can show this, e.g. Samuel with Dagon, palms are cut off. KJV not always consistent.
This is how Ezra acknowledges with his hands. It is part of him acknowledging himself and the people’s sins.
1 Kings 8
Completion of the temple, Solomon stands in front of the people.
37. If there be in the land famine, if there be pestilence, blasting, mildew, locust, or if there be caterpiller; if their enemy besiege them in the land of their cities; whatsoever plague, whatsoever sickness there be;
37. רעב כי יהיה בארץ דבר כי יהיה שדפון ירקון ארבה חסיל כייהיה כי יצר לו איבו בארץ שעריו כל נגע כל מחלה
38. What prayer and supplication soever be made by any man, or by all thy peopleIsrael, which shall know every man the plague of his own heart, and spread forth his hands toward this house:
38. כל תפלה כל תחנה אשר תהיה לכל האדם לכל עמך ישראלאשר ידעון איש נגע לבבו ופרש כפיו אל הבית הזה
39. Then hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou, even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men;)
God should forgive them. Use of the hands mentioned, and it is clearly important here.
v 22 – 22. And Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven:
23. And he said, LORD God of Israel, there is no God like thee, in heaven above, or on earth beneath, who keepest covenant and mercy with thy servants that walkbefore thee with all their heart:
24. Who hast kept with thy servant David my father that thou promisedst him: thou spakest also with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled it with thine hand, as it is this day.
The hands used as part of the greatness of God and what he has done.
Hands can be used in this way. Palm is toward heaven, spread.
Mentioned at the end of the chapter too.
54. And it was so, that when Solomon had made an end of praying all this prayer and supplication unto the LORD, he arose from before the altar of the LORD, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread up to heaven.
Kneeling on his knees is like Ezra 9 v 5 – same combination.
Difference of “Handing yourself sin” and “confessing the greatness of God” Both about acknowledgement.
Hand coming in to Judah.
Praised God and called his name Judah. Acknowledging what God has done.
8. Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father’s children shall bow down before thee.
9. Judah is a lion’s whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down,he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?
Exceptional passage, goes on to speak of Christ
10. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet,until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.
11. Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes:
v11 – what Jesus accomplished. Rode on an ass before his sacrifice.
This is speaking about Christ, and is the only other passage where this praising is done of anyone other than Yahweh. Judah was counted worthy of being Christ’s father through lineage, this because he offered himself before Joseph rather than Benjamin. Brought a present for Joseph in their hand.
Because of this Gen 38 makes sense where Judah loses his two other sons etc, Judah has two more sons, one of which is the one which Christ came through.
Humbling of Judah which brings him to offering himself.
All this is background to proving himself worthy. Word hand is in this context and the praise.
Ps 45 v11 – 17 Daughter of Tyre bringing gifts in her hand
Confessing and praising is the same idea, the difference is what it is about. Sin, or praising God. Exceptionally it is about Judah.
Reflexive is about us and our sin. Not reflexive is about God and his greatness. This is the difference we see.
Mat added –
Look at detail in Mat 27 – v24 – 26 in comparison to Lev 16 Detail of Pilate washing his hands of Jesus’ blood (not like Aaron putting iniquities on the goat), people say blood be ON us. They then release Barabbas, but go on to crucify Christ. Scape goat is released to carry the iniquities of the people.
Simon added –
1 Chron 16 v 3 – 7.
Then confession from v8 – 34
Read before giving thanks for the bread.