John Adey – Was Christ’s body broken? – Crushed and contrite

John Adey – Was Christ’s body broken? – Crushed and contrite

Mark spoke on “profane” and looked at Isa 53

Think of these words from Luke – This is my body, given for you, this do in remembrance of me.

1 Cor 10

16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

1 Cor 11

24. And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.

Question whether we have “broken” or not.

John 19

33. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake no this legs:

36. For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.

Ex 12 – passover fulfilment – a bone shall not be broken.

Is it right to think of his body not being broken, is this different to the bones?

Can we keep broken?

The word for breaking bread is the same word as body broken for you.

Ps 51

8. Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.

So there are breaking of bones here, but we know a bone of Jesus was not broken.

Is there a translators issue?

Here the word isn’t to do with breaking, it is more to do with crushing. There is a difference! – we will see this.

Isa 53 – we learn how we relate to Christ suffering

4. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

5. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

6. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

Clearly relates to us.

10. Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.

Want to look at bruising (v5 and 10) – this is what the translator translated as broken (meaning crushing) in the Psalm 51.

It’s this aspect we are to follow and look at.

Look back in the Ps and see how bruising or crushing works.

Ps 51

17. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

Here, broken is used (different word), but the word contrite is the word for bruise that we have been looking at.

BROKEN (snapped) Spirit, BROKEN and BRUISED/CRUSHED heart.

When Jesus was crushed for our iniquities, this is how we relate to him, requiring a contrite heart, we need to be crushed in order to be pleasing to God.

Num 11

8. And the people went about, and gathered it, and ground it in mills, or beat it in a mortar, and baked it in pans, and made cakes of it: and the taste of it was as the taste of fresh oil.

“Crushed in a crusher”

This is what happened to the manna. This process has to happen to the body in order to change the taste of the manna.

The idea of taste is linked to the crushing of the manna.

Ps 34

8. O taste and see that the LORD is good: blessed is the man that trusteth in him.

The heading of the Psalm is about when David changed his behaviour (taste) before Abimelech!

18. The LORD is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.

19. Many are the afflictions of the righteous: but the LORD delivereth him out of them all.

20. He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken.

Isa 57

15. For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy;I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.

The “crushed” ones.

Isa 66

2. For all those things hath mine hand made, and all those things have been, saith theLORD: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.

In order to partake, we need to be partakers in the crushing of Christ. Our approach to God’s word enables us to be presented to God and be accepted of him, because we will taste correct – of the spirit of Christ

We see in the manna a man who is more contrite and bruised that any other.

In Jesus’ life, he was crushed in a pestle and motar

Mat 11

29. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.

By Jesus’ lowliness he is able to provide rest for us.

Both metaphorical and physical crushing of Jesus was for us.

Phil 2

7. But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:

8. And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.

9. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:

10. That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;

Ps 72

v1 – 5

Crush and contrite make us acceptable to God, just as Jesus’ sacrifice was.

The manna is a measure of what we can bring when we consider ourselves. We bring this to the BoB.

A sense of breaking that we might want to retain, needs to be thought about in the context of crushing in order to be contrite. Not the sense of “snapping”


We need to be more subtile.

In 1 Cor 11 the word break means fragment.

We are set up to fail if we think it’s the same sense as in John.

The disciples collect the fragments at the feeding of the 5000 so that none were lost.

The translation doesn’t help.

John A has brought out the sense of crushing and the sense of it.

Look at OT sense of this fragment.

Lev 2

5. And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in a pan, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil.

6. Thou shalt part it in pieces, and pour oil thereon: it is a meat offering.

This is some sort of cake or something, made from fine flour, mingled with oil.

It isn’t offered as one cake or loaf, it’s parted in pieces.

The word part is unique here, but the noun gives us other places to look. (often translated morsel)

Gen 18

5. And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.

The way that Abraham speaks to them has a strong tone about it. it shows the smallness of his offering.

4. Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

5. And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.

“morsel” seems to mean fragments.

This turns out to be more than this…

6. And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth.

7. And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.

8. And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

This turns out to be a full meal, we are given the detail which is unusual!

The fragments speak of the fellowship that we share!

We identify ourselves as a fragment, but part of the whole loaf.

1 Cor 11 is picking up on this.

Lev 6

19. And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

20. This is the offering of Aaron and of his sons, which they shall offer unto the LORD in the day when he is anointed; the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a meat offering perpetual, half of it in the morning, and half thereof at night.

21. In a pan it shall be made with oil; and when it is baken, thou shalt bring it in: and the baken pieces of the meat offering shalt thou offer for a sweet savour unto the LORD.

22. And the priest of his sons that is anointed in his stead shall offer it: it is a statute for ever unto the LORD; it shall be wholly burnt.

23. For every meat offering for the priest shall be wholly burnt: it shall not be eaten.

This in the day of his anointing – when we think of Jesus, we think of him being anointed, we can see his body fragmented for us.