Mainly in Exodus however start in Mat 1
20. But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto theeMary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
21. And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
22. Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,
23. Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
24. Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife:
25. And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.
First born son.
In Ex there is 1st and 2nd Sons.
Ishmael and his Mother are sent away. There has to be a separation of the Sons, the other has to be cast out. He sends her away. The casting and sending away come together and we will see these later.
Isaac was the son of Abraham’s old age.
Jacob is blessed.
When considering Jacob’s sons, there are mentioned 2 first born sons.
Reuben is the first born (from the first wife)
Joseph is the second first born from Rachel
Benjamin is the second son who she bore when she died. Patterns of resurrection.
3. Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colours.
29. And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt:
This is then repeated in the same why by Joseph.
In the next chapter we move on to the next two sons. Joseph has two sons.
1. And it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, Behold, thy father issick: and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.
We see a repeat through these fathers of the first and second sons and having two sons.
5. And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine.
Joseph swaps the names over.
14. And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh’s head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn.
49. And Joseph gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left numbering; for it was without number.
50. And unto Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, which Asenath the daughter of Poti–pherah priest of On bare unto him.
51. And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: For God, said he, hath made me forget all my toil, and all my father’s house.
52. And the name of the second called he Ephraim: For God hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.
We can see the correct order in the events of his life.
Then is moves to a state of fruitfulness. Ephraim being associated with this.
Things are now set up for Exodus. The family and people are in Egypt.
Nation is being formed and the term son is then given to them.
21. And the LORD said unto Moses, When thou goest to return into Egypt, see that thou do all those wonders before Pharaoh, which I have put in thine hand: but I will harden his heart, that he shall not let the people go.
22. And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn:
23. And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.
Israel is one Son and the other is the first born of the Egyptians. Back to two sons again. They need to move to a position where they can serve their father.
1. Then the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.
“let them go” and “drive out” – both came in Gen 21 v 10 and v 14. “sent her away”
When we see Abraham sending forth his son who was the son of an Egyptian, there is a sort of reverse going on.
24. So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Drove out “cast out” the man. When Joseph is in Egypt it is a bit like the garden.
22. And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:
23. Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.
In the above verse we see the “sent” aspect.
Ex 12 – both occur here.
37. And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.
38. And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.
39. And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.
31. And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said.
32. Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.
33. And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.
14. And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage:
15. And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.
Redemption of the firstborn from being servants.
Lots of son patterns, like Adam, and then Jesus who is the only begotten.
MAT FOSTER ADDED
Pattern seen in 1 Sam 20 is worth more looking with the details of the arrows, the lad and David being sent forth, Yahweh sending forth.
Mat 21 – Parable of vineyard, they cast out the son and stone him – This is what the Jews did to Christ.
Simon Foster noted this is like Joseph as they see him coming.
28. Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.
29. But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.
30. Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.
31. So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.
This quote shows the correct Greek word is being talked about.
This is comforting as this includes us being of the free and gentiles such as the Galatians.
MARK MORRIS ADDED
The idea of being the firstborn is prevalent in Ex.
Through out the law there is a lot about the firstborn and what should be done for them and the use of the first fruits of the ground etc. They are Yahweh’s.
Particular law about first born. This is striking.
15. If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the firstborn son be hers that was hated:
16. Then it shall be, when he maketh his sons to inherit that which he hath, that he may not make the son of the beloved firstborn before the son of the hated, which is indeed the firstborn:
17. But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated for the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that he hath: for he is the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn is his.
The issue of firstborn is greater than the question of who he loves or hates out of his wives.
Who shall receive the blessing?
You need to tune in when looking at examples. Abraham didn’t hate Hagar.