Jonah 2 – In the context of looking at prayer
Read the chapter
Jonah hasn’t been obeying what he was supposed to be doing. He went to Tarshish which he shouldn’t have been doing.
1 v 14 – “they cried” – the men rowing the boat, called to Yahweh. – These sound like believers.
Be on us..
14. Wherefore they cried unto the LORD, and said, We beseech thee, O LORD, we beseech thee, let us not perish for this man’s life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O LORD, hast done as it pleased thee.
Mat 27 –
24. When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it.
There is a pattern with Christ’s death and resurrection in the same way with Jonah.
There are many many links with chapter 2 and the Psalms.
v2 – I cried (reflecting on things he had already done) – recording what has already happened. This has happened prior to the point of the prayer. The prayer is a culmination.
He is cast into the deep, and out of God’s sight.
v3 – Send (cast)
v4 – Cast (drive)
These were linked with Gen 3 but the hebrew is not quite right.
Disobedience of Adam and Eve – Jonah failed and was cast out of God’s sight.
There seems to be a confession with Jonah.
Think about the word compassed v3 and v5 (closed about – not the second compass)
Ps 22 – Bulls and dogs. In Jonah it’s referring to waters. It is about being destroyed by something if God wanted it to.
Jonah 2 v 6 – corruption
Ps 16 v 10. For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
The same “hell” is here too.
Pattern of Jonah going into the belly of Sheol…
Billlows and waves
7. Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
Translation is swapped around here.
Jon 2 v 9. But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay that that I have vowed. Salvation is of the LORD.
The faithful mariners have already vowed vows in v 16 of chapter 1. Jonah is following suite here.
Ps 50 –
14. Offer unto God thanksgiving; and pay thy vows unto the most High:
15. And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.
God wants to be called on in time of trouble.
Vowing the vow comes in 1 Sam 1 with Hannah
In the first prayer from v 9
Ps 116 – Many connections here.
Sheol, gat hold, vows and sorrow
Brought out my life out of corruption…
Mark Morris added
He went down in Jonah. To the bottom of the mountains.
The ground under the sea is the dry ground. This is emphasised in chapter 1
v3 – went down in her. He is “down in the ship” – THis is then extended by God as he is thrown overboard, and then goes properly down. But he is then saved here in God’s mercy.
**Ps 18 – out of the hand of Saul
**2 Sam 22** – Actual event
23 v 13 – the men went down to David