Andrew Harrison Heb 10 & Ps 40 Offering Sacrifice Delight

Andrew Harrison

Hebrews 10 and comparison to Ps 40

Offering Sacrifice Delight

Focus on the first part of the chapter

Heb 10

1. For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.

2. For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worship personce purged should have had no more conscience of sins.

3. But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.

4. For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.

5. Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:

6. In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure.

7. Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will,O God.

8. Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;

9. Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.

10. By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of JesusChrist once for all.

11. And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

12. But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;

13. From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

v4 – 6 Contrast of sacrifice and how God does not desire these things.

Quoted from Ps 40.

Christ knew what God did require, the prophecy was there for him to follow.

“I come to do thy will”

1st and 2nd speaking of the old covenant.

Complexly quoted from OT

v8 – Did not desire (to will)

v9 – Come to do thy will

God wanted his will to be done, which Christ did.

Ps 40 and Heb 10 comparison

Ps 40

1. To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. I waited patiently for the LORD; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry.

2. He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

3. And he hath put a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God: many shall see it, and fear, and shall trust in the LORD.

4. Blessed is that man that maketh the LORD his trust, and respecteth not the proud,nor such as turn aside to lies.

5. Many, O LORD my God, are thy wonderful works which thou hast done, and thy thoughts which are to us-ward: they cannot be reckoned up in order unto thee: if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered.

6. Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required.

7. Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me,

8. I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.

Order of Hebrew is “to do thy will, I delight” which matches the NT

Offering is a more complicated word, many different words to get to grips with. Here it is a “grain” offering. Not the most used word.

1 Sam 15 – desiring

v20 – Sounds like he has fulfilled the command, but then blames it on the people. Animals were for the offering!

v22 – Does Yahweh delight in offerings? – Yahweh is looking for obedience of the voice – which is clear in Christ.

Saul tries to give something to God that he hasn’t asked for.

Num 14

v6 – 8

If Yahweh delights in them at this point? – No, because of the evil report from the 10.

2 Sam 22

18. He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.

19. They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay.

20. He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he delighted in me.

God delighted in David, therefore he delivered him.

Ps 1

1. Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.

2. But his delight is in the law of the LORD; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.

The faithful ones delight in the law of Yahweh

Back to Heb 10 v 5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:

This is the Greek equivalent.

Mat 6

Lord’s prayer

v10. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.

Mat 9

12. But when Jesus heard that, he said unto them, They that be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick.

13. But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

John 5

30. I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just;because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.

Seeking the will of the father and nothing else

John 6

40. And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

Marvellous hope that we have.

Mat 26

36. Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder.

39. And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father,if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.

Always doing the will of his father.

Heb 10

6. In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure.

Different Greek word (pleasure), it is about “thinking well”

Mat 3

17. And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

Luke 12

32. Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the kingdom.

Relates to John 6 v 40 that we looked at.

Thinking about the sense of offering in the OT

Gen 8

20. And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.

21. And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake; for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.

Noah is causing something to “go up” – this is a better translation.

Yahweh then smells a sweet savour. We can see that wonderful sense of something going up.

Common word – “alah”

Lev 1

3. If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish:he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.

New translation

If the things which draws nigh be a burnt sacrifice, let him draw nigh….

There is a strong sense of drawing nigh (corban)

Judges 5

2. Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves.

Willingly offered themselves. (nadab) Different offering.

Num 16

39. And Eleazar the priest took the brasen censers, wherewith they that were burnt had offered; and they were made broad plates for a covering of the altar:

40. To be a memorial unto the children of Israel, that no stranger, which is not of the seed of Aaron, come near to offer incense before the LORD; that he be not as Korah, and as his company: as the LORD said to him by the hand of Moses.

Come near to cause to incense – incense

These are all different uses of offering

These examples are all about different ways in which the Lord offered himself.

Final remarks

Heb 10

8. Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;

This doesn’t say ALL offerings, it says those of the law

Eph 5

1. Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children;

2. And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet smelling savour.

He has given himself. He “carried towards” a sacrifice, for a sweet smell. Like Noah in Gen 8. Christ’s behaviour and thinking was an offering to God.

God found great pleasure in his obedience.

Simon Foster added

Heb 10

Emphasis on the blood of bulls and goats not being able to take away sins.

By implication, that of Christ WOULD!

v9 – He would take away

v11 – Which can never take away sins

v12 – One sacrifice did it! – not having to keep doing them

v17 – Remission of sin by Christ means there is no more offering

Andrew added

Heb 10 v3 – rememberance

1 Cor 11 v 24 – do this in remembrance of me.

We now remember HIS sacrifice

Nathan added

The difference between Christ’s offering that those done every year under the law by the high priest.

The priest would complete the sacrifice. (not being a levite)

In Heb 10 we are in a different position

17. And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.

18. Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.

19. Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus,

20. By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;

21. And having an high priest over the house of God;

22. Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.

23. Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;)

We are in this position, it is like Moses who could go in the most holy place without sacrifice.

Rom 5

Faith is required to maintain this state. We are therefore able to STAND in the most holy and not DIE – as it would have been under the law. It is because of God’s grace that we can approach him.

1. Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord JesusChrist:

2. By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

3. And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;

Heb 4

14. Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.

15. For we have not an high priest which can not be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

16. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.

Come BOLDLY unto the throne of grace.

Matt Foster added

Picked up the delight word from Ps 40 and read Ps 112, comparing ourselves to the stature of Christ, we can find comfort in the hope we have and that Christ has done the things which means has established these things.